文章摘要
孙 刚,杨 敏,顾 惠.快速公交预感应信号优先协调控制策略[J].交通运输研究,2015,1(1):59-65.
快速公交预感应信号优先协调控制策略
Pre-Detective Signal Priority Coordination and Control Method for Bus Rapid Transit
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 快速公交  预感应信号优先  协调控制  信号配时  微观仿真
英文关键词: Bus Rapid Transit  pre-detective signal priority  coordinated control  signal timing  microscopic simulation
基金项目:
作者单位
孙 刚 同济大学 道路与交通工程教育部重点实验室 
杨 敏 东南大学 交通学院 
顾 惠 东南大学 建筑学院 
摘要点击次数: 1470
全文下载次数: 2384
中文摘要:
      提出了一种考虑交叉口协调控制的预感应公交信号优先策略,包括两个部分:信号配时优化和协调控制。假设公交车行驶时间已知的情况下,该策略通过按绿信比分配理想时间差和基于公交车站点时空距离转换的改进数解法来实现交叉口的配时优化和协调控制。为了获得该策略的实施效果,以常州市通江南路两相邻交叉口的单个方向为例,设计了四种信号控制情景(无优先、传统优先、预感应优先和预感应协调优先),并利用微观仿真软件VISSIM进行仿真分析。结果表明,四种情景中预感应协调优先策略大大减小了公交在交叉口的延误,提升了公交服务的可靠性,并且对社会车流的干扰最小。
英文摘要:
      A pre-detective signal priority method for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) with coordination and control between intersections along the arterial was proposed, and two parts were included: signal optimization and coordination control. As the bus travel time was known, the signal timing was optimized by adjusting ideal signal lag in green ratio of each phase and coordinating the intersections by the improved numerical method to exchange the dwell time at bus stop to the distance in space. To examine the effect of this method, one direction of South Tongjiang Road in Changzhou, Jangsu, was experimented with the microscopic traffic simulator VISSIM, and four simulation scenarios were set: no signal priority, traditional signal priority, pre-detective signal priority and pre-detective signal priority with coordination. The results show that pre-detective signal priority with coordination has the best effect in the four scenarios for BRT, but the least negative effects of signal priority for social traffic.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器