文章摘要
崔颂懿,孔德文,王茉.客运枢纽“人群迷路区”的快速识别与优化 ——以北京南站为例[J].交通运输研究,2019,5(3):34-41.
客运枢纽“人群迷路区”的快速识别与优化 ——以北京南站为例
Rapid Identification and Optimization of "Crowd Lost Area" inPassenger Transportation Hub:A Case Study of Beijing South Railway Station
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 客运枢纽  人群迷路区  客流组织  WiFi数据  视频识别
英文关键词: passenger transportation hub  crowd lost area  passenger flow organization  WiFi data  video identification
基金项目:中国博士后科学基金项目(2018M641138);北京自然科学基金项目(L181001);北京自然科学基金重点项目(4181002);北京市交通运输委员会科技项目(201825JNBJ2)
作者单位
崔颂懿 北京工业大学城市交通学院 
孔德文 北京工业大学城市交通学院 
王茉 北京工业大学城市交通学院 
摘要点击次数: 83
全文下载次数: 90
中文摘要:
      为缓解大型客运枢纽因诱导服务不到位而产生的人流拥堵问题,采用室内WiFi 定位技术和Mysql获取行人交通流分布热力图,通过百度地图坐标拾取系统识别人流聚集区的具体位置。通过定义迷路人群的交通特征参数,提出“人群迷路区”概念;应用视频识别追踪技术,分析行人速度与加速度的方差,于人流密集区运用视频识别技术寻找“人群迷路区”。最后以北京南站为例进行实地调研,利用调研数据识别北京南站的“人群迷路区”。基于人群速度与加速度方差,“人群迷路区”被分为四类:单纯人流聚集区、因标识不足而产生的人群迷路区、因标识过于复杂而产生的人群迷路区、因商业设施或障碍物遮挡而产生的人群迷路区。同时提出加大商业活动监管力度、简化部分引导标识、增加其他交通方式换乘区域标识等优化方法,可使人群行进效率提高约25%。
英文摘要:
      To alleviate the problem of pedestrian congestion caused by inadequate guidance service in large passenger hubs, the indoor WiFi positioning technology and Mysql were used to obtain the thermo-dynamic chart of pedestrian traffic flow distribution. The specific locations of pedestrian aggregation areas were identified through Baidu map coordinate picking system. By defining the traffic characteristic parameters of the lost pedestrians, the concept of "crowd lost area" was put forward. The video recognition and tracking technology was applied to analyze the variances of pedestrian speed and speed acceleration to find out the "crowd lost areas" in pedestrians′ high-density areas. Finally, Beijing South Railway Station was taken as an example to conduct the on-the-spot investigation. The "crowd lost areas" were distinguished via survey data analysis. Based on the variance of crowd speed and speed acceleration, the "crowd lost areas" were divided into four categories, which were simple pedestrian aggregation areas, crowd lost areas caused by insufficient identification, crowd lost areas caused by over-complicated logos, crowd lost areas caused by commercial facilities or obstacle occlusion. Optimization methods were proposed such as increasing the supervision of commercial activities, simplifying some of the guiding signs and increasing the transfering signage to other transportation modes. It could improve the operation efficiency of the crowd by about 25%.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器