文章摘要
卞雪航,费文鹏,杨雪英,李思慧,石磊.交通运输科技创新驱动发展关键制约及发展策略研究[J].交通运输研究,2019,5(4):55-63.
交通运输科技创新驱动发展关键制约及发展策略研究
Key Restrictions and Development Strategies of Transportation Development Driven by Technological Innovation
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 交通强国  科技创新  交通运输  形势需求  发展策略
英文关键词: a country with strong transportation network  technological innovation  transportation  situation and demand  development strategy
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(20180102;20190111);交通运输部科学研究院结余资金项目(2019_1Y01002)
作者单位
卞雪航 交通运输部科学研究院 
费文鹏 1. 交通运输部科学研究院2. 北京交通大学 
杨雪英 交通运输部科学研究院 
李思慧 北京交通大学 
石磊 交通运输部科学研究院 
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中文摘要:
      为深入分析我国交通运输科技创新发展面临的关键制约问题,提出创新驱动发展的战略举措,对我国交通运输科技创新在体制机制、技术研发、能力建设及成果转化等方面存在的问题进行了分析,研究了新时期交通运输科技创新面临的经济、人口、社会、气候环境、国际政治等方面的形势需求,提出了我国交通运输科技创新驱动发展的政策措施建议。研究认为,我国交通运输科技创新驱动发展的根本制约在于技术研发自主程度不足、创新动力活力不足,科技创新成果转化链条不畅;新时期,我国交通运输科技创新需加强统筹谋划,强化顶层设计,加强科技研发,增强自主创新能力,进一步深化体制机制改革,激发创新活力。
英文摘要:
      In order to deeply analyze the key constraints of China′s transportation technological innovation and propose strategies for innovation-driven development, the problems of China′s transportation technological innovation were analyzed, including system mechanism, technology research, innovation ability construction and transformation for science and technology achievements. Furthermore, the situation and demand of economic, population, society, climate and politics on transportation technology innovation were also analyzed. Lastly, some suggestions on policies and measures to drive the development of transportation science and technology innovation in China were proposed. The results show that the key constraints of China′s transportation technological innovation is lack of independence of technology research and innovation motivation and vitality. Moreover, the transformation of science and technology innovation achievements is not smooth. In the new era, it is necessary to strengthen overall planning, enhance top design, strengthen technology research, promote the ability of independent innovation, deepen the reformation of institutional mechanisms and stimulate innovation vitality.
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