文章摘要
江玉林,蔡 晨,余 坤.悉尼与中国城市公共交通绩效的比较研究[J].交通运输研究,2020,6(3):2-13.
悉尼与中国城市公共交通绩效的比较研究
A Comparison Study of Sydney′s Public Transport Performance with Chinese Cities
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 城市公共交通  公交都市  绩效评估  可持续发展  悉尼
英文关键词: public transportation  transit metropolis  performance evaluation  sustainable development  Sydney
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(20192706)
作者单位
江玉林 交通运输部科学研究院 
蔡 晨 澳大利亚联邦科学与工业研究组织先进交通数据分析中心 
余 坤 交通运输部科学研究院 
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中文摘要:
      为完善悉尼市城市公共交通优先发展政策体系,实现悉尼市“可持续城市交通”愿景,借鉴中国“公交都市”示范项目的指导方针和指标体系,建立了一个基于公共交通绩效水平的评估指标体系,利用中国“公交都市”示范项目数据和悉尼市公共交通运营开放数据,分别计算了各城市的公共交通绩效水平。将悉尼市与中国“公交都市”示范项目试点城市的公共交通发展水平进行了比较研究。结果表明,悉尼市现有交通运输模式为主要依赖小汽车方式出行,虽然悉尼市在促进交通方式转变和新技术应用方面取得了一些进展,但其整体的公共交通服务水平远落后于中国“公交都市”示范项目试点城市。通过借鉴中国城市在“公交都市”示范项目实践中的经验,结合悉尼城市交通发展战略与规划,明确了悉尼市出台“从依赖小汽车出行转变为公共交通优先出行”导向政策的必要性,并提出了多项促进城市公共交通优先发展的政策建议,用以支持悉尼市实现“世界上最宜居城市之一”的发展目标。
英文摘要:
      In order to improve the public transport priority development policy system of Sydney, realize the vision of sustainable urban transport, the guidelines and index system of the National Transit Metropolis Demonstration Project(NTMDP) in China were used for reference, an evaluation index system based on the performance of public transport was established. Using the data of the NTMDP in China and public transport operation data of Sydney, the public transport performance level of each city was calculated. This paper drew comparisons on public transport performance amongst the Chinese NTMDP cities and Sydney. The results showed that Sydney had a transportation mode of car-dependent path, although some progress had been made in promoting the transformation of the transportation mode and adopting new technologies, the level of public transport service in Sydney was still far behind the Chinese NTMDP cities. Drawing lessons from the practice of Chinese cities in NTMDP, combining with the urban transport development strategy and planning in Sydney, it was clearly necessary to transform Sydney′s transport policy from car-dependent to public transport centric, and some public transport priority policies in Sydney were put forward to strongly support Sydney to achieve the target of "being one of the most livable cities in the world".
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