文章摘要
陈建新,胡 飞,蒯佳婷,张鼎霖,林子鉴,马小翔.基于驾驶模拟的新型可变情报板有效性研究[J].交通运输研究,2020,6(3):107-115.
基于驾驶模拟的新型可变情报板有效性研究
Effectiveness of New Changeable Message Signs Based on Driving Simulator
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 交通工程  可变情报板  驾驶模拟器  问卷调查  单变量分析
英文关键词: traffic engineering  variable message sign  driving simulator  questionnaire investigation  univariate analysis
基金项目:
作者单位
陈建新 浙江沪杭甬高速公路股份有限公司 
胡 飞 浙江沪杭甬高速公路股份有限公司 
蒯佳婷 浙江省交通规划设计研究院有限公司 
张鼎霖 浙江省交通规划设计研究院有限公司 
林子鉴 同济大学 道路与交通工程教育部重点实验室 
马小翔 同济大学 道路与交通工程教育部重点实验室 
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
中文摘要:
      为研究不同形式新型情报板的有效性,基于模拟驾驶平台设计了一条包含7种形式的新型可变情报板的高速公路模型,招募30名受试者,在不同的拥堵缓行和施工区域进行驾驶模拟实验。通过驾驶模拟软件对驾驶人的驾驶行为数据进行了采集,并对驾驶人对各情报板的主观偏好进行了调查。研究结果表明:对于拥堵缓行提示情报板,短板在平均速度、平均加速度、驾驶人主观评价指标上优于长板,图片形式在横向偏移量、驾驶人主观评价指标上优于文字形式;对于施工区域提示情报板,在平均速度、平均加速度指标上,短板-文字的形式效果最好,在横向偏移量、驾驶人主观评价指标上,长板-文字的形式效果最好。可得出结论:在拥堵缓行提示情报板中,相比于长板形式和文字形式的情报板,短板形式和图片形式的情报板有效性更高;在施工区域提示情报板中,短板-文字、长板-文字形式的情报板均具有较高的有效性。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the effectiveness of different types of new message signs, seven simulated driving scenarios were designed based on the simulated driving platform, and 30 drivers were recruited to participate driving simulation study at different traffic congestion areas and work zones. The driving behavior data of the driver was collected through driving simulation software, and the drivers′ subjective preferences to the message signs were investigated. The research results show that among the traffic jam prompting signs, the short sign is better than the long sign on the average speed, average acceleration and drivers′ subjective evaluation, and the picture sign is better than the text sign on the lateral offset and drivers′ subjective evaluation. Among work zone prompting signs, the short-text sign has the best effect on the average speed and average acceleration, and the long-text sign has the best effect on the lateral offset and drivers′ subjective evaluation. It can be concluded that among the traffic jam prompting signs, compared with the long sign and text sign, the short sign and picture sign are more effective. Among the construction area prompting signs, the short-text and long-text forms have high effectiveness.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器