文章摘要
陈学平,白思华,姚嘉林,杨艳刚,简 丽,高硕唅,吴 琼.绿色公路评价指标体系及评价方法[J].交通运输研究,2020,6(4):9-17.
绿色公路评价指标体系及评价方法
Green Highway Evaluation Index System and Evaluation Method
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 绿色公路  评价指标  主客观赋权法  地域特点  评价标准
英文关键词: green highway  evaluation index  objective and subjective synthetic approach  region characteristic  evaluation standard
基金项目:湖北省交通运输厅公路管理局科技项目(鄂路建〔2017〕80号);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(20190612)
作者单位
陈学平 交通运输部科学研究院 
白思华 丹江口市公路管理局 
姚嘉林 交通运输部科学研究院 
杨艳刚 交通运输部科学研究院 
简 丽 交通运输部科学研究院 
高硕唅 交通运输部科学研究院 
吴 琼 交通运输部科学研究院 
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中文摘要:
      为增强绿色公路评价对于公路项目建设管理的决策支撑作用,在对绿色公路管理与技术现状调研的基础上,选取涵盖公路规划设计与建设运营过程的3类、10个子类的20个强制性评价指标,以及7类、31个子类的76个选择性评分指标,构建了绿色公路评价指标体系,并明确了各指标适用的建设阶段、公路等级等条件;综合考虑地方绿色发展、地区资源禀赋、专业技术等特征,采用主客观赋权法确定分层指标权重;通过调研分析专业技术领域面临的问题,结合国内外相关问题的解决措施,设计了指标的评分标准。最后,以湖北省嘉鱼—通城高速公路为例,利用所建评价体系与方法进行项目建设的试评价,评价结果能有效反映公路建设的成效与不足,表明该指标体系具有一定的合理性和实用性。
英文摘要:
      In order to strengthen the support of green highway evaluation on decision making of highway project management, by investigating the status of green highway management and technology, the evaluation index system for green highway was established. It contained 20 compulsory evaluation indexes belonging to 3 categories and 10 sub categories during highway planning, design and construction and 76 selective scoring indexes belonging to 7 categories and 31 sub categories. The using conditions of evaluation indexes including the application period and the boundary of highway grade were defined. Indexes weight was calculated combined with the need of local green development, regional resources and technologies based upon objective and subjective synthetic approach. Rating items and standards for specific indexes were designed based on the investigation of problems and countermeasures. Taking Jiayu—Tongcheng Expressway in Hubei province as an example, the evaluation system and method were used to evaluate its construction situation, and the results could reflect both the achievements and shortcomings of expressway construction, which suggests this evaluation index system and evaluation method are reasonable and applicable.
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