文章摘要
李滨杉,顾晓锋,陈建业.国外自行车交通发展战略对我国的启示[J].交通运输研究,2020,6(4):69-75.
国外自行车交通发展战略对我国的启示
Enlightenment of Foreign Cycling Transport Development Strategies to China
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 自行车交通  绿色出行  慢行交通  发展战略  出行分担率
英文关键词: cycling transport  green commuting  non-motorized traffic  development strategy  travel mode share
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(20180611)
作者单位
李滨杉 交通运输部科学研究院 
顾晓锋 交通运输部科学研究院 
陈建业 交通运输部科学研究院 
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中文摘要:
      为给我国科学制定新时期绿色出行和慢行交通发展政策提供支撑,通过实证分析、比较分析等方法,对自行车交通发展已经较为完备,拥有系统化的战略,资金投入和建设管理体系相对完善的丹麦、德国和英国的自行车交通发展战略进行了研究。结合战略编制背景,从发展目标、行动战略和保障措施3个方面系统梳理并总结了国外自行车交通发展的先进经验。在此基础上,考虑我国自行车交通发展的现状和挑战,对如何有效提升自行车出行分担率的启示如下:优化整体自行车道网络布局,分为省、市和县3个层级;复兴自行车文化,培养居民绿色出行意识;明确各部门工作职责,落实管理责任和范围;制定相关技术标准和法律法规,完善自行车交通专有路权;通过设立政府专项资金和鼓励社会投资建立稳定的财政保障机制,集中资金解决重点问题。
英文摘要:
      In order to provide support for the scientific policy making of green commuting and non-motorized traffic in modern times, the national cycling strategies of Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom, which had relatively completed cycling transport development and had systematic strategic planning, fairly complete management system of capital investment and construction, were studied through the methods of empirical analysis and comparative analysis. Combined with different background for compilation, the advanced experience of foreign cycling development strategies were systematically presented and summarized from three aspects: development goals, action strategies and guarantee measures. On the above basis, considering the current situation and existing challenges of the cycling transport development in China, these experience could bring the following enlightenment for how to effectively improve China′s cycling mode share: optimizing the overall network layout of cycle track which is divided into three levels of province, city and county; reviving cycling culture and cultivating residents′ green travel awareness; clarifying work content of each department, implementing the management responsibilities and scope; formulating technical standards, laws and regulations to improve the exclusive right of cycling; establishing stable financial mechanism through setting up special government funds and encouraging social investment to solve key issues.
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