文章摘要
曹 云,加孜娜·阿力汗.物流业发展要素的替代弹性[J].交通运输研究,2020,6(4):117-124.
物流业发展要素的替代弹性
Substitution Elasticity of Logistics Industry′s Development Elements
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 物流  发展要素  替代弹性  有偏技术进步  资本要素
英文关键词: logistics  development factors  substitution elasticity  biased technological progress  capital factor
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目 (16BGL198)
作者单位
曹 云 新疆教育学院 
加孜娜·阿力汗 新疆教育学院 
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中文摘要:
      为提升物流产业发展要素的替代组合效能,从技术进步偏向性视角入手,研究了物流产业劳动力要素与资本要素间的要素替代弹性。基于可变替代弹性(Variable Elasticity of Substitution, VES)生产函数的要素替代演变模型,识别出物流发展要素的替代弹性和发展过程中的偏向性和替代组合效应。结果表明,物流业的要素替代弹性与本行业增长率呈显著正相关性,资本要素对劳动力要素具有较强的替代性;替代弹性能反映出劳动力价格要素的偏态特征;资本优势推动着物流产业的不断更迭进步,有助于提高物流资源的整合;资本要素、劳动力要素和科学技术要素限制了物流业的创新发展效能;物流产业发展要素替代性促进了物流业专业化进程;资本要素对物流业的发展推动作用较大。研究认为,把握资本要素的替代弹性效应,是形成物流贸易市场高质量发展的关键所在。
英文摘要:
      In order to enhance the efficiency of the alternative combination of development elements of logistics industry, from the perspective of biased technological progress, the substitution elasticity between labor and capital in logistics industry was studied. Using the factor substitution evolution model based on VES production function, the substitution elasticity of logistics factors and the bias and substitution combination effect in the development process were verified. The results show that there is a significant positive correlation between the substitution elasticity of factor and the growth rate of logistics industry, the capital has a strong substitution for the labor factor; the substitution elasticity can reflect the skewed characteristics of the labor price; the capital advantage promotes continuous advancement of logistics industry, helping to improve the integration of logistics resources; capital factors, labor factors, and scientific and technological factors limit the efficiency of the innovation and development of logistics industry; the substitution of logistics industry development factors promotes the professionalization of logistics industry; capital factor has a greater role in promoting the development of logistics industry. The research indicates that grasping the substitution elasticity effect of capital factor is the key to form high quality development of logistics trade market.
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